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Monday, May 20, 2024
Electricity and Magnetism

Electricity and Magnetism

Calculating Lightning Distances Watch the sky for a flash of lightning.Count the number of seconds until you hear thunder.Divide the number of seconds by 5 to calculate the distance the storm is away from your location in miles (or divide...
    Electric potential energy Charges also have electrical potential energy. We learned that in work power energy chapter, objects have potential energy because of their positions. In this case charge in an electric field has also potential energy because of its...
A resistor   The electricity moving through a wire or other conductor consists of its voltage (V), current (I) and resistance (R). Voltage is potential energy, current is the amount of electrons flowing through the wire, and resistance is the friction...
There are,  two circuit analysis rules that can be used to analyze any circuit, simple or complex. These rules are special cases of the laws of conservation of charge and conservation of energy. The rules are known as Kirchhoff’s...
    Electrical Capacitance   You must have heard of the word capacity, for example the capacity of the stadium, or the capacity of the lungs. The word stadium capacity means: How many stadiums can visitors receive. so, by analogy, the word electrical...
  Simple circuits   When charged particles build up in an object it is called static electricity.  Another kind of electricity occurs when electrons flow in a current.  A battery and wires can make current flow. Look at the simple electric circuit...
Electric current Electricity is produced when an electron moves after being taken away from an atom. Review that atoms make up all matter. Atoms are usually electrically balanced, there are as many positive charges (protons) as there are negative charges...
  Charging by friction, contact or induction. If you rub a balloon on your hair, electrons will be rubbed off your hair onto the balloon (charging by friction).            If you then place the negatively charged balloon near a neutral wall, the balloon...
Electricity has a very long history.The Greek philosopher Thales of Miletus (640 - 546 B.C.) is sometimes credited with being the first person to notice that amber will pick up bits of dry grass or straw if it is...